Front-end development has revolutionised the way we approach web development, causing a paradigm shift in the dynamic of this field. By leveraging cutting-edge web technologies, front-end development has become much more than just a method to design web pages. It now encompasses a wide range of disciplines, from user experience design to performance optimization, accessibility, and responsive design.
The shift to client-side processing is one of the most major changes front-end development has made to web development. With each page request in the early days of the web, the entire page would refresh since server-side processing was the norm.
However, with the emergence of front-end frameworks like React, Vue.js, and Angular, a full stack developer can now build highly interactive web applications that function like desktop applications. This, in turn, has led to a marked improvement in the user experience of web applications.
Angular and React are the two most widely used UI frameworks in the domain of front-end development. Read on to know more about what these frameworks are and how they differ.
What is Angular?
Angular is a TypeScript-based open-source front-end web application framework developed by Google. Angular offers a variety of tools and features that make it uncomplicated to write scalable, manageable, and testable code, enabling developers to construct sophisticated online apps.
Features of Angular
- TypeScript: Angular is built with TypeScript. TypeScript adds features like static typing, classes, and interfaces, making it easier to build deployable applications.
- Two-way data binding: Two-way data binding is a programming concept that allows changes made to a data model to automatically update the view or user interface, and vice versa. In other words, when a user modifies a value in the user interface (UI), the associated data in the model is changed, and the UI is updated to reflect the changes in the model data.
- Templating: Angular’s templating capability enables developers to specify the structure and content of the user interface of a web application using HTML and Angular-specific syntax.
Features of React
- Virtual DOM: React controls the state of a web application via a virtual DOM (Document Object Model). The virtual DOM is a lightweight approximation of the actual DOM that effectively changes the view without compromising application performance.
- Unidirectional Data Flow: The unidirectional data flow design pattern in React stresses the movement of data in just one way, from parent to child components. In other words, data in a React application flows from top to bottom of the component hierarchy. In this pattern, the top-level component, or "parent," sends data to its child components via "props" (short for "properties"). This data is sent to child components via properties and may be used to render their own UI.
Angular vs React
Although both Angular and React are used for front-end development, there are unique features to both these frameworks that make use in different scenarios. Down below are listed the aforementioned:
Angular follows a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture. An Angular application is divided into three interrelated components: the model, the view, and the controller.
The model component is in charge of the application's data, which is carried out via services that deliver data to components. Services may be injected into other components, allowing for scalable and maintainable systems that keep data and business logic separate from the user interface.
The view component is in charge of user interface rendering, which is accomplished using components, which are reusable building pieces that encapsulate a portion of the user interface.
The component class, sometimes known as the controller component, processes user input and supports communication with other components and services. It is in charge of creating the component's logic, which includes event handlers, data retrieval, and manipulation.
React, on the other hand, follows a component-based architecture. This makes it easy to create reusable building blocks for the user interface. Each component has its unique set of properties and a state that can be used to render the output.
Despite the fact that it is not part of the React design, many React apps employ the Flux architectural pattern to handle data. The Flux pattern divides data into stores and modifies the data using actions. Components can monitor store changes and adjust the user interface accordingly. This pattern helps to organise the flow of data through an application and makes complicated data structures less difficult to maintain.
Angular's learning curve is higher than React’s. Because of its complexity, Angular is a full-fledged framework with a high learning curve, whereas React is a library that is easy to learn and use.
React is quicker and more effective than Angular thanks to its virtual DOM. Because Angular uses a real DOM, performance issues might arise when working with huge apps.
Ultimately, the choice between Angular and React is determined by project needs, development team expertise, and personal preference. While each framework has benefits and drawbacks, they are both viable solutions for front-end development. Developers may select the framework that best meets their needs to construct dynamic and interactive online apps, thanks to Angular's extensive set of tools and capabilities and React's simplicity and scalability.
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