What Is Portfolio Management In Stock Market?


Financial Modelling is a very crucial analytics tool and is used by literally every vertical and industry. The experts at such models are in extremely high demand and get paid fantastic sums for their advice and proficiency.

The term equity portfolio management is widely used to beat the equity market and is the implementation and planning of various methodologies, strategies, and philosophies. The ultimate aim of investment analysis is to be able to make forecasts, investment decisions, and sound predictions of the investment.

The PM advises clients based on such forecasts and ratios of project management to make investment decisions on assets whether they are stocks, other securities, or financial instruments. This clearly points out that equity analysis and its science are applied to EPM.

The Investment Philosophy:

Professional PMs have to adhere to strictly defined parameters and rigid guidelines in policy for stock selection and investment management. The PMs work for companies that deal in an investments management company and cannot follow just about any investment philosophy or general methodologies when they manage their portfolios. Portfolio management is well regulated and has to adhere to the guidelines for market capitalization.

The investment philosophy in equity portfolio management thus needs one to understand the universe of investments and select efficient instruments prudently.

Sensitivity to taxes:

Pension funds and such instruments are not subjected to taxes though they are a part of the equity portfolios of many and are considered institutional instruments by the portfolio managers. The PM has more flexibility in managing his portfolio because these non-taxable instruments use exposure to dividend incomes and short-term gains in the capital when compared to the taxable instruments.

Factors affecting the portfolio:

The main factors considered by the PMs of taxable portfolios are: 

· The holding periods of stocks.

· Tax structure and tax-lots.

· Capital losses.

· Tax selling.

· Dividend income from the portfolios.

The taxable portfolios have a low turnover rate for portfolios and are successful in comparison to the non-taxable ones having a higher turnover rate. Building and managing the portfolios to create wealth is an ongoing process that takes a long time and hence efficient portfolio management is a vital factor.

Creating the model:

Maintaining and building a portfolio model is an essential part of Equity Portfolio Management. It may take on one or many portfolios in one product of equity investments. The matching of portfolios is undertaken to compare the individual portfolio against the model of the portfolios managed and known as the benchmarked portfolio.

Then, every portfolio stock is assigned a weight in percentages by a PM to form a weighted model for the portfolio. Modifications and changes to individual portfolios happen at this stage to provide a matched mix against the weighted mix. The computerization of such portfolio models is achieved through portfolio management software tools or done using Microsoft Excel.

Achieving Efficiency:

The important factor of making profits rests on how the Portfolio manages to achieve efficiency and productivity in the portfolio. The EPM achieves excellent efficiency by running all portfolios according to the standards set and in a similar manner. Rather than expert knowledge in 100 to 200 stocks the EPM needs to know all about 30 to 40 stocks in the portfolio.

These 30 to 40 stocks are used in the model and other portfolios are weighted against these by weight modifications. With equity markets constantly fluctuating the fall and rise of the stocks are necessarily changed by the EPM over the passage of time. This measure reflects the investment potential and decisions of the portfolio.

Why learn at Imarticus:

The equity portfolio management degree at Imarticus Learning is attractive because they offer the latest in technology and skills while training you in a very short period. They use the latest practical learning tools of using project work, assignments, sufficient assignments, tests, hands-on practice and bootcamps to reinforce your learning. They integrate modules in resume writing, mock interviews, soft-skill development, and personality development while offering convenient timings and modes for professionals and career makers. Their wide range of subjects offered is specific and need-based depending on the training skills required for making a career in financial analysis.


EPM or equity portfolio management involves modeling the portfolio in an efficient manner whereby evaluation of key stocks can be assessed with the key metrics of stocks in a group of such stocks. It relies on equity analysis and portfolio management. The weights allocated to these stocks are adjusted in the models according to the rise and fall in the stock values to effectively read and optimize the return of all stocks/portfolio stocks in the group.

You can learn EPM by doing a financial modeling course at Imarticus Learning where statisticians and modeling experts thrive.

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