What is Cost Management and Control?

certified management accountant course

Taking up cost management and control measures can significantly impact the financial health of a company. It ensures the financial stability of the firm and helps it efficiently utilise its resources, and safeguards its financial well-being. 

Businesses that can achieve the lowest production costs tend to earn the highest profits. This reduction of costs is a crucial goal for most businesses, as it can enhance their efficiency and profitability. 

Project managers are accountable for managing project costs. They are responsible for estimating the overall expenses, creating a budget plan, monitoring spending, and preparing for possible risks. Usually, a certified management accountant is in charge of cost management and control.

certified management accounting course

With the help of a certified management accountant course, one will be able to establish oneself as an able project manager who is equipped with all the skills necessary to efficiently manage and control costs. A US CMA course is perfect for people who wish to work as project managers. 

What is Cost Management?

Cost management involves overseeing and regulating financial resources during business operations. A company implementing successful cost management strategies to manage expenses, can maintain efficient cost-control measures and establishes a suitable budget to manage various business activities. 

Cost management techniques can be used for particular projects or for the overall operation of a company. The primary objective of cost management is to achieve long-term savings and maximise profits.

What is Cost Control?

Cost control involves the process of identifying and decreasing business expenditures to boost profits. This process starts with making a budget. In cost control, a business owner compares the actual financial outcomes of the company with the anticipated budget. If the actual costs exceed the planned costs, management has the necessary information to take corrective measures. 

Benefits of Cost Control and Management?

There are numerous advantages to cost control and management. This process when done efficiently can lead to huge profits and optimum utilisation of funds. Here are some of the advantages of cost control and management:

  • Cost management enables businesses to anticipate future expenses and costs, which can aid in their efforts to achieve projected revenues.
  • Cost management leads to improved planning and financial management. It gives a company enhanced financial security and good insight into the budget. Because of this businesses make informed decisions and take necessary actions to avoid incurring debts.
  • Cost control and management lead to improved cash flow. With cost control and management, businesses optimise cash flow and ensure that it has enough funds in store to meet commitments and pursue growth opportunities. 
  • With an efficient cost control and management system in place, businesses can ensure informed decision-making. The data generated with the help of cost control and management help businesses in getting better insights about the business. 
  • Many businesses use cost management as a strategy to decrease their overall expenses. This process involves controlling various expenses, such as marketing or supply chain costs, in order to reduce them.
  • Effective cost management helps businesses in record-keeping. This enables them to carry out efficient financial accounting planning and set budgets with a spending limit. 

With the help of this analysis of the business or project costs an overview of a company's expenses can be obtained. This helps in the creation of precise budgets for the company.

  • When a business employs good cost management strategies, they end up avoiding a number of risks that may be detrimental to the growth of the business. 

Steps Involved in Cost Management and Control

Cost management and control are the planning of the lifecycle of a project. There are primarily four steps involved in cost management and control. 

Resource Planning

The first step of cost management and control is resource planning. It entails the procedure of determining the necessary resources for an organisation. It involves the planning and utilisation of resources such as labour, finances, and informational resources required to accomplish a particular task. 

In resource planning, the work breakdown structure is used by companies to determine the skills and resources needed for performing each task. While planning resources project managers also take into account the historical data of similar projects taken up in the past to avoid mistakes of the past and plan more efficiently. 

Cost Estimation

As the name suggests, cost estimation refers to the process of determination of the financial requirements of any project or activity. Cost estimation aids in business planning, cost analysis, and decision-making, as well as in controlling project costs and schedules.

Sound cost estimation is imperative if a business wants to avoid unprecedented expenses and financial risks. It often leads to a lot of savings for businesses. 


There are several processes involved in each project. Each of these processes has its own budgeting needs. The next step involved is budgeting. In this step, each activity within the workflow is assigned a specific portion of the budget

Cost Control

The final step is cost control. Cost control involves tracking and measuring deviations from the established cost baseline and implementing corrective actions to minimize costs. The changes made to the cost baseline are taken into account and a forecast of the final cost is calculated.


Effective cost management is crucial for every organisation when it comes to scaling the business. A project manager’s tasks are vital for managing the company's expenses and hence it is a very crucial job role. It can help the company gain huge profits if done correctly.

But miscalculations and inefficient cost management and control can lead to unprecedented losses. Since this field needs experience and expertise, aspirants must take up the CMA USA course if they want to establish themselves as efficient project managers.

The Institute for Management Accountants (IMA), based in the USA gives the Certified Management Accountant (CMA) certification. This certification is deemed to be the top credential in the field of management accounting globally.

With recognition from 170+ countries, it is one of the most lucrative career options one can opt for. Prepare yourself to be an experienced CMA with the CMA USA training from Imarticus Learning. All courses by Imarticus Learning come with an experienced faculty of teachers who are certified CMAs, CAs, CFAs, and CPAs. 

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