Key Finance Valuation Ratios and when to use which one

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Valuation ratios are any of various computations that assess whether a certain investment is cheap or costly when compared to a given metric, such as profitability or enterprise value. This means that the valuation ratio aids an investor in determining the cost of an investment in relation to the value or advantages of holding that investment.

An organization's capital and profits are in danger if it doesn't have a strategy for detecting, analyzing, and managing the many threats to its capital and earnings. A broad range of factors, such as financial uncertainties, legal obligations, strategic management failures, and accidents and natural catastrophes, might contribute to these threats or hazards.

There must be a focus on minimizing, monitoring and controlling unfavorable occurrences while enhancing good ones in order to mitigate risk. Consistent, systemic risk management may assist in finding the best way to manage and reduce severe risks. This process of handling risks through different strategies in order to align a company’s objectives with its values and risks is called risk management.

What are the different types of valuation ratios?


  • Price-to-earnings (PE) Ratio 


Many valuation measures exist, but the price-to-earnings (PE) ratio is one of the most often utilized for publicly traded corporations. Shareholders' per-share earnings are calculated using the PE ratio. The investor may see the value of his or her investment by comparing the costs and returns. There are a variety of ways to compute the PE ratio, including using the company's adjusted profits or diluted earnings to see whether the cost and return are comparable. The PE can be computed over a period of one year or more. 

When should you use the price-to-earnings ratio: You should use the price-to-earnings ratio evaluation as an essential starting point for evaluating almost all businesses or when you need a simple way to compare a large number of listed companies.


EBITDA is another frequent valuation statistic that compares the share price to the company's profitability. Non-cash charges such as interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization are taken into account to arrive at the company's real earnings.

When should you use EBITDA: When you want to assess capital-intensive enterprises whose balance sheets conceal a significant amount of money. An example of a capital-intensive enterprise is an airline.

  1. Price-to-book ratio 

Another type of valuation ratio is called the price-to-book ratio. When calculating the price-to-book ratio, one looks at the difference between the market value and the book value of a corporation. Share price times outstanding shares equals a company's market value. The worth of a company's net assets is known as its book value.

When should you use the price-to-book ratio: When you want to assess financial institutions. Book value is less volatile than profits, which may lead to large fluctuations in ratios.

Why this course?

As part of Imarticus' joint program with the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Lucknow, students learn about the fundamentals of the corporate finance field. Looking for a financial risk management course for a mid-level financial services or capital market professional? This is the course for you. In addition, you'll get a diploma in risk management and will be able to improve your knowledge and experience in the financial sector and discover new avenues for rejuvenating your career.


Imarticus' Advanced Management Program in Financial Services and Capital Markets is the best option if you want to further your career as a financial risk management professional or get a financial risk management certification. The application date for this chance is March 26th, 2022, so don't delay.

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