The Financial Services industry is without a doubt seeing the effect of innovation driven change either straightforwardly to their plans of action (for both customer and business customers) or even as an optional or tertiary effect, given it’s at the center of all different ventures. While these organizations have made a tolerable showing with regards to by and large of receiving more current and propelled advancements, they clearly need to get a move on of appropriation or hazard losing piece of the overall industry to the freshest participants – or more terrible, getting to be noticeably out of date.
The most recent influx of development and technology is about versatility. The web based keeping money and financier encounter has now moved onto your telephone which upgrades accommodation on many levels.
Banking and Investment applications would now be able to connect into your telephone’s GPS to give you area based data, for example, closest ABMs and branches.
Versatile and remote advances are a greater amount of a development in my psyche as they haven’t radically changed the market as much as past developments.
Remote installment innovation over RFID (Visa Pay Wave, MasterCard Pay Pass) is up to twice as quick as utilizing money or check cards. Charges won’t be dropping but rather buyers are getting back another extremely significant ware, time.
The normal retail Investment Banker or Financial Analyst won’t think excessively about how quick their exchanges are executed however dealers, institutional speculators and mutual funds do.
Executing exchanges a couple of milliseconds quicker on a trade can have a major effect when you are doing thousands or even a huge number of exchanges a day.
Getting the most ideal cost for your customers encourages them spare cash while it will also facilitate those who are putting the exchanges, they will get more business. There are different contentions that fast exchanging can prompt higher expenses for speculators nonetheless.
Fiber optic interchanges, quick figuring force and reason manufactured applications all add to executing exchanges rapidly.
While the pace of innovation change in the budgetary division may be ease back in respect to different regions, despite everything it has an extremely critical effect.
Regardless of whether we understand it or not, advancements in innovation for the managing an account segment influence us consistently.
To stay in the lead, money related and finance administrations associations must acknowledge and adjust to the way that the client base they serve is experiencing a noteworthy move as far as purchasing practices and inclinations, a lot of which is being driven by the computerized innovation transformation, especially online networking and portable. Era Y, for instance, needs more decision and control by the way they interface with a bank or insurance agency, regardless of whether it act naturally coordinated, web drove, individual to-individual, on the telephone or in an office. Accordingly, organizations must change their customary models and items to benefit this developing and evolving client
In today’s competitive world, merely being a graduate or a post graduate is not an impetus enough to begin your career in Finance. One has to acquire more than just the customary degree, to gain a competitive edge over others, further focused and specialised courses are compulsory.
Out of the array of courses available, you have to be very clear on your objective of taking up a course, also one has to consider if the said course if relevant. What worked in the times of your parents might not have the same value today? Or what your elder sibling did a few years ago might be redundant in the next few years. Financial capability and availability of time should also be a deciding factor.
There are many short term courses in finance. Like explained above there cannot be a ‘best course’, it is a relative term, you need to finalise basis what suits you the best.
There are many short term finance courses in India. Which usually relate to, Personal Finance, Corporate Finance, International Trade Finance, then there are courses in Financial Management, the object of such specialised courses is that delegates know how Finances, Investments and the Economy can affect an individual or an organisation.
Certain short term courses in personal finance can be pursued intermediately or after graduation. The courses in ‘Personal Finance’ are focused on managing individual finances.
Financial Risk Manager & Certified Financial Planner, are both courses which are highly revered in the finance industry. And also accepted globally. If planned appropriately, doing these short term and spanned financial courses, can easily give you an edge over others and help you not only acquire a relevant job but elevate the professional ladder as well.
Under the umbrella of ‘Corporate Finance’, one can choose short term finance courses between, Banking, Analytical, Financial Modelling, and Financial Management Courses. These courses essentially deal with managing the finances of a corporate or a business.
JAIIB & CAIIB programs from IIBF, PGDBO – Post Graduate Diploma in Banking Operations, are certain short term finance courses to consider.
Chartered Financial Analyst Program is holistic programme one can enrol if they want to take their career ahead in the field of analytics in finance. The program enables participants to be experts in Financial Analysis, Equity Research etc…, This is particularly preferred qualification for finance and investment professions. Also, there is a great demand of CFA charter in corporate finance.
Most of the courses can be planned and taken as a staggered approach.
Some additional short term financial courses that can be considered post-graduation are, Financial Modelling courses, this will give you an added advantage to the existing skill sets and widen your recruitment opportunities.
Global Finance and Accounting Program offers practical global accounting knowledge and creates skills to get career opportunities in finance and accounting.
So once again, reiterating on the fact, that clarity in though and a set objective from the short term finance course, based on your personal needs and limitations should be set. The courses mentioned above may be short but are specific enough to help you secure a relevant good paying job on completion.
It may seem that there has been a certain disequilibrium set to motion in the sphere of financial services in general and Investment Banks in specific. While although a new year is bound to bring about new and encouraging changes, it seems to have dimmed those aforementioned possibilities for the world of Investment.
It all began with the “Waterline Project”, which is considered to be a cost cutting initiative of Nomura. The CEO, Koji Nagai Nagai, gave out a statement saying, “The waterline on a warship will rise a centimeter each year if the crew brings excess baggage. Before you know it, the ship would sink.” It has been announced that Nomura will begin ‘trimming’ the staff, which it proposed to do by cutting about 900 heads, beginning April 2016. The said cost cutting has a focus on getting more and more out of the existing employees, in terms of productivity. It would involve overseeing the work passed on to subordinates, by their heads. While on the other hand, the relevance and importance of certain tasks and reports will also be reviewed. Nagai was of the opinion that, “to be honest, this company can do so much to control costs. There will be resistance.”
Another investment banking firm, Credit Suisse, has seemingly taken a similar route. It has already slashed down about 1800 London heads, in the year 2016. According to a report by Financial News, it has reportedly asked all of its employees, that they must pay for their own mobile phones. It is believed that Credit Suisse is bound to cut CHF4.3 billion by the year 2018 and in this process, it seems every little bit helps. Many believed that this year would have things looking in the positive, mainly owing to a couple of good quarters, but it so happens that disappointment is the order of the day. The silver lining here possibly seems to be the fact that 2016 saw fewer job cuts as compared to any other year. Investment pundits believe that banks are on their way to use technology, in order to chip away at the trading floor. It may seem that the glory days are probably breathing their last.
Daniel Pinto, the CEO of JP Morgan’s Investment Bank, stated that he believes they are down by 1% on 2015. The fixed income revenues, which have been tumbling for quite some time now, have seemingly found their base, this past year. Banking Corporations have already begun to allocate lesser resources and staff to their investment banks. This is a telling sign that any rebound in the revenues, is bound to have far less impact on the overall picture, as compared to what it used to in the year 2007.
Meanwhile, the other news snippets on the Investment Bank front include, the surprising fact that Jamie Dimon, happened to be the only bank CEO to buy company stock in 2016. Hedge Fund paychecks have a stark contrast when it comes to paying their Data Scientists as opposed to their Portfolio Managers. While on the bright side, Mergers and Acquisitions are bound to boom this year, especially with Goldman Sachs topping the M&A league this year.
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It seems that the sector of financial technology, which was touted as many as the new kid on the block, has had a fair share of failures. Some of the big guns in this field including OnDeck and Lending Club have reportedly experienced some mighty losses and organisations like CAN Capital stopped lending altogether. There seem to be a lot of experts and industry pundits, who are all of the collective opinion that “the bloom is finally coming off the rose.” This happens to be a figurative telling of the certain bumps and losses incurred by this field. But a majority are still siding with the silver lining and it may seem that this sector might really be thriving. The recent events are not news for the FinTech industry, which is because every single industry undergoes them. Regardless of whichever sector it is, the market leaders usually happen to jump to an advantage.
But a majority are still siding with the silver lining and it may seem that this sector might really be thriving. The recent events are not news for the FinTech industry, which is because every single industry undergoes them. Regardless of whichever sector it is, the market leaders usually happen to jump to an advantage, thus leading to the growth of the industry. Now, that the industry grows, it also multiplies the number of players entering into
the market space. Some players happen to participate in the distinct competition as their ventures grow and as is the case, some players cannot really make it. It’s the most basic rules of capitalism, where although all entrepreneurs take risks, some may succeed while other may miss the mark.
FinTech is most likely thriving mainly because it happened to extend its capital access, to almost everyone. Per say, there were no discriminations whatsoever as minorities, women, immigrants and all the others who were under served, were provided with a level playing field by technology. This could not have been a plausible scenario a few decades ago when one could meet a venture capitalist at a cocktail party and get themselves a six figure financing deal. While people who were natives and higher up on the societal runs totally got to benefit from this, those of lesser economic means always struck out.
But today with technology advancing, lenders are able to have accurate data about their potential borrowers. This way the risk factor goes really down and efficiency increases. Similarly, FinTech has begun to take India by storm, by revolutionizing the electronics payment industry. It cannot be denied that banks are slow when adapting to change which is why it takes a while for FinTech companies to break into the market. But another thing working in favour of this sector is that the investors have short-term goals, thereby they’d want to quicken the process of things while expecting quarterly results.
But most important of all, we cannot overlook the fact that technology has transformed the banking sector thoroughly. Today it is actually possible for a person to never step inside a bank to carry on their personal transactions. We happen to live in a time where you can actually accomplish everything at the click of a button. With large banking corporations investing in technology to make most of their application processes to go online, there is a sure chance of FinTech not only thriving, but becoming a flourishing business. Many finance aspirants have noticed this and have begun to learn the ropes by taking up training programs, offered by professional training institutes like Imarticus Learning.
Imarticus Learning teams up with leading Global FinTech players to bring to you a first-of-its-kind Global FinTech Symposium. FinTech, or simply put, Financial Technology, is an industry composed of start-ups and established companies trying to replace or disrupt traditional financial processes with the use of technology.
This is an upcoming industry and has the potential to impact every single person and therefore makes it one of the fastest growing areas for venture capitalists. We welcome you to join this FinTech consortium where our panelists from global organizations will share their journey and experience on what it takes to excel in the world of FinTech.
The field of Finance has always been considered as a very attractive career option, because of the adrenaline rush that one gets, due to working for high profile companies, the exciting hours of the stock exchange and being able to close, deals worth multi-million dollars. Investment Banking and Equity Research are two of the most famous professions in the field of Finance. Although both the professions enjoy a lot of demand from aspirants, but only one of these offers limelight and importance, while the other enjoys being the game changer, behind the curtains. If you are a finance aspirant, looking to make it big and get entry among the big leagues, then either one of these careers can be your sure shot chance. If you are someone, who is very goal oriented and does not need any acknowledgment, equity research would be the best option for you. While on the other hand, if you happen to be someone, who thinks of acknowledgment and appreciation as the biggest motivators, then investment banking is the way to go.
While these differences don’t make much of a difference for someone, who is absolutely fascinated by numbers and logic, there are quite a few nuances in both of these fields, which make them very different from each other. In the earlier days, there were quite a lot of assumptions and reservations regarding both the fields. Equity Research for instance, was thought as the dark horse of the lot and was considered as a dull, unglamorous field to work in. The recent times have brought about a lot of changes, including the much deserved recognition that the field of equity research requires. On the other hand, the field of Investment Banking was always looked up to as an amazing, awe-inspiring career option.
Roles Of An Investment Banker
The professionals in this field, are said to be the major decision makers of the industry. Their job is basically to conduct an extensive research on various financial deals, go ahead and be an intermediary between the deal makers and close the deals. They are said to add tremendous value to their firm, probably which is why they earn handsomely.
Roles Of An Equity Researcher
Equity Research Analysts, are hailed as the real financial heroes, because it is these people, who create valuation models, research reports, which later on assume the status of major decision makers. These professionals are experts in financial modeling, financial statement analysis, valuation of companies and have a clear idea about, how the economy as well as the currency works.
While both the roles are diverse, they are equally important for any financial corporation, in the market. A huge number of aspirants vie to be working in either of these fields. It is well known that, having just a mere graduation degree, will not really get you there. Which is why a lot of candidates opt for, specialization training programs in both investment banking, equity research as well as, financial modeling, corporate finance and so on.
A financial market unlike the other markets, is more of an intangible concept and basically refers to a marketplace where buyers and sellers usually participate in an exchange of assets such as, equities, bonds, derivatives and currencies. The basic characteristic of any financial market comprise of transparent pricing, basic regulations regarding costs and fees and a number of market forces, that determine the prices of securities that trade. These financial markets can be found almost in every single country across the world, some of these may be small, with a very few number of participants, while some are huge in terms of the amount of money they trade, for example the New York Stock Exchange.
It is basically investors, who have an access to a great number of financial markets and exchanges, that deal with a vast array of financial products. Some of these markets have always been open to private investors, while some have always remained, pretty much exclusive in terms of catering to major international banks and financial professionals. There are a variety of financial markets, which make up the field of finance.
These markets are where individuals and various organizations, deal with the trading of financial securities. There are a number of organizations and companies, that sell securities on these markets, in order to raise funds for themselves. This is why the capital markets consist of both primary as well as secondary markets. Any organization or corporation, requires capital in order to finance its various operations, as well as to engage in long term investments. In order to accomplish this, the corporation raises money through the sale of securities, basically bonds and stocks; all of which is in the name of the company.
These are markets, which allow all of the investors to buy and sell the shares in publicly traded companies. They are popularly known to be the most vital area of a market economy, this is because they provide companies, with the access to capital and all the investors, with a chance to have a percentage of ownership in the company. This market is divided into primary markets as well as secondary markets.
A bond refers to any debt investment in which, an investor loans money to an entity, this can be either corporate or governmental. This entity basically borrows the funds for a specific period of time Bonds are usually used by a number of companies, municipalities, states as well as governments, in order to finance a variety of projects and activities. This markets basically deals with buying and selling of bonds on the various credit markets, all over the world. This market is also referred to as the debt market or credit market or fixed-income market. The many types of bonds are corporate bonds, municipal bonds, notes and bills which are also known as treasuries and so on.
All of these markets require a financial professional, wither a corporate banker, an investment bankers or portfolio manager and so on, to deal with their various aspects. The various attractive benefits that these markets offer, are a result of a lot of finance aspirants seeking positions in the field of financial markets. Imarticus Learning is one of the best institute for finance and investment banking training and very much preferred by these professionals, in order to get a hang of how the markets work, through various certification courses in corporate finance, investment banking and so on.
by Reshma Krishnan
One of the most common questions we get asked by MBA students is, ‘Why should I do this course? I have learnt everything I need to in my MBA.’ This is when I tell them about Amal Kothari. Amal did his MBA at Kellogg Business School, currently ranked number three in America and the best part time MBA school in the world. Yet, he still came to us to learn how to model. But he went to Kellogg you say! Why did he need a short-term course in Financial Modelling?. Because they don’t teach you how to do something at MBA school. They teach you the theory and cases where you apply the theory, but they expect you to solve most of the problems by yourself. So if you’re doing something like Financial Analysis or Corporate Strategy, they expect you to learn how to model out a problem and support your analysis. But they don’t teach you HOW to do it. Why? Because there is no time. An MBA, as it’s name suggests is a general study in administration. While they do let you specialize in something and some schools have focus areas they are known for, like Wharton for Finance and Kellogg for Marketing, the first half of your study is a general introduction to Economics, Accounting, Marketing, Business, Corporate Finance, logistics and Strategy. The second half is specialization, where you hone your understanding and get a deeper understanding of your subject. So why does a short course after help? Here are some reasons-
• Curriculum focused on concepts not skills – if you check every elective or course list of an MBA school, you will see Corporate Finance and Portfolio Management. You will not see Financial Modelling or Excel for Financial modeling. Why? Because Financial Modelling is a skill set they either expect you to have, or develop when you do the assignments. No one in MBA school is going to teach you how to use V look up or create spinners in a model. That’s because.
• Time: For most part each one lecture is devoted to a concept like Time Value of money or Relative Valuation. In fact, it’s not even as specific as that. I don’t even recall studying valuation the way I teach it at our FMVC course because again, MBA’s are not specific. They are general and focus on conceptual understanding and applying concepts to real life. They focus on analysis, not on skill building, because there is no time.
• Hand holding- Short Term courses, while short are intense in that they focus on specific skills. For instance, in MBA school you will spend half an hour on Forecasting. In a short term course, you will spend 5 hours learning how to forecast, then be shown how to do it in an excel document, and then have someone supervise you As you do it. This ensures learning and makes you attractive in the job market.
MBA’s and Short Term courses are not mutually exclusive. In fact, if anything, they work well together. The first ensures you have a broad knowledge of everything related to business administration while the latter ensures you have a thorough understanding of your specialization, be it SAS or Financial Modelling. Both add value to the resume and the combination makes you stand out from the crowd because the short term course makes you Job Ready.
In The News
Buoyed by a weak yen and a favorable monetary stance from the Bank of Japan, Japanese stocks have rebounded 20% showing the best gains among developing market peers. The Topix index was poised to join the Nikkei 225 in a bull market on Monday and the broader stock gauge will be up more than 20 per cent from its low in February. The benchmark Nikkei 225 ended up 104.78 points, or 0.59 percent, at 17,967.41, at its highest close since January 6.
This is quite the recovery for a market that had fallen 18 percent in the first have as the yen strengthened Shinzo Abe’s ‘Abeconomics’ received tepid response and was unable to revive economic growth.
Trump Victory– There is increased feeling that the shocking Trump victory will now lead to higher spending that will in turn fuel a rise in US interest rates and lead to a stronger US dollar. That would of course mean a weaker yen and a excellent outlook for Japanese exporters like Sony and Toyota. The Yen has dropped 6 percent against the dollar in the last month itself, much more than any other Asian currency.
Bank of Japan monetary policy– The Bank of Japan also restrained itself and refrained from lowering rates, which allows us to infer that they believe the Japanese Economy is about to bounce back after stalling in the second quarter. “The bigger picture is that spare capacity is shrinking gradually: gross domestic product expanded by 0.9 per cent over the past 12 months, which is above potential growth,” said Marcel Thieliant, analyst at Capital Economics in Singapore to the Financial Times. The surge in growth came on the back of favourable balance of payments. Exports rose and Imports fell. The BOJ capped 10-year bonds at 0 percent.
But it’s best not to celebrate too soon because nominal growth, which does not adjust for price changes, was weaker at 0.8 percent vs the real growth of 2.2 percent. This could mean Japan is sliding into a period of deflation – a contraction of in the supply of circulated money, leading to increased purchasing power and wages higher than would have normally been.
This, and a lot more, is one of the topics we discuss in our Investment Banking Courses in India. You can also watch the video on our students discussing about what goes on in our classes.
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By Reshma Krishnan
Many aspiring candidates ask us what is so special about the FMVC program at Imarticus Learning. After all, shouldn’t an MBA suffice? The problem with MBA’s, regardless of which school you go to, is that they don’t teach you role specific issues. For instance, they don’t have specific modeling modules. They will have a forecasting module but they won’t teach you how to model or how to forecast step by step. In the Financial Modelling and Valuation Course (FMVC), India’s leading Forecasting and Financial Modeling program, we teach you the minutae and we go into specifics. One such specific is modeling and forecasting hygiene.
Hard Coding- the model users bane.
This is the first thing I teach in modeling class. Hard Coding is essentially a stand alone number in a cell, which has no back up. It says nothing about the number. You must never hard code a forecasted number because the forecast is always done on the back of an assumption, which has to be modeled in. Hard coded numbers are usually past data, actual data that has been verified and been the result of auditing. A forecasted number should always be a linked number from an assumption.
Staying with hard coded numbers, it always helps to colour code. In fact, in my class, I mark an assignment zero if it is not colour coded. Red hardcoded number tells me that the forecaster had no option but to hard code. All actuals should be in a different colour to forecasts and all delta numbers, that is the variable you are using to arrive at a forecast needs to also be in a different number.
Give the delta its own cell
Let’s say you want to increase the sale of pencils in 2017 by 10% from 2016. You have two ways to do it.
=(2016 revenue cell) x 10% +(2016 revenue cell) = 2017 revenue.
You create a special cell for 10%
= ((2016 revenue cell) x (10% cell) )+(2016 revenue cell) = 2017 revenue.
Here I am assuming that revenue is growing by 10% . This helps me change the delta as I see fit which then changes my model. The delta is the rational for my model. If you hide it within a formula, I have to constantly look at formulas to find my assumptions.
Learn more about Forecasting by joining our course, FMVC,Financial Modeling and Valuation Course, India’s leading program in Financial Modeling and Valuation and focused on improving your chances on having a career in Investment Banking or Equity Research.
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By Reshma Krishnan
We are continuing to understand the Fundamentals of Forecasting. Please click here
The fewer the assumptions, the stronger the forecast – at least in the beginning when you are learning how to model. Most investment Banking models end up running into 40 assumption sheets, each linked to another. While you might believe such minutiae makes a difference, it’s almost always just to make yourself feel better. Yes, your ability to understand every cost element is good, but its futile if your understanding of the industry works or its cost structure is weak. Key assumptions built into the forecast can also be lost, like trees in a forest. Links can be very hard to find. A simple forecast on the other hand helps you understand what drives basic line items while giving you the ability change basic assumptions. So for instance if you are forecasting the cost of a cup of tea, you break the cup of tea into its major elements, milk, tea, sugar. Three basic drivers, but if you decide to link the price of tea not to the retail rate but to an auction rate that is further linked to an auction house pricing, there are many chances your model will be faulty for no tangible benefit.
Forecasting is hard- if it wasn’t, financial modeling and forecasting would not be the number one skill required in financial services, especially Equity Research, or the most popular program in Financial Services Education. It requires patience and a deep thorough understanding of the industry. Forecasting is what Equity Research Analysts do all the time which is why Equity Research Analysts are industry specialists. You won’t find an analyst doing both steel and retail e-commerce. If you are not detail oriented, you are not going to be great at forecasting.
Your forecast is as good as your data, or your weakest link- using solid numbers always feels like an attractive proposition. Investment Bankers love to receive solid data from the clients. Equity Research analysts love to receive solid numbers from the industry or a company but what data do you trust. How often do you use that data? Can you remove the bias in the data. Data you receive from clients will almost always be optimistic, same with industry. Data you receive from Private Equity will almost always be pessimistic. There is bias in every data and your job is to remove bias.
Learn more about Forecasting by joining our course, FMVC, Financial Modeling and Valuation Course, India’s leading program in Financial Modeling and Valuation and focused on improving your chances on having a career in Investment Banking or Equity Research.
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