This could easily be asked as an interview question and one that seemingly causes a lot of confusion for aspirants in the Finance domain. To help you understand investment banking, it’s best to differentiate it from the type of banking that you have experience with: commercial or retail banking – the banks that you see on the street.
The banking sector is split into two fundamental divisions: Investment banking and retail banking.
Let’s understand what Investment banking is. Investment banks are huge financial institutions that assist their clients – mostly corporates and government agencies – in raising capital by underwriting and acting as the agent or an underwriter in the issuance of securities.
An investment bank assists these organizations with complex financial solutions such as Mergers and Acquisitions, Equity Underwriting, Private Placement, Valuation and Fairness Opinion, Corporate Restructuring, Structured Refinance, Management Buyouts, among others.
In a way, Investment Banks serve as a bridge between large corporations and investors.
Investment banking is split into front office, middle office, and back office activities. Think you want to be an investment banker? Chances are the role you are imagining is a front office role.
On the other hand, The bank where you maintain your current (UK), checking (USA) or savings account is a commercial or retail bank. You cannot go into an investment bank and deposit your money, get your ATM card, or ask for a student loan. This is what commercial or retail banks do. – The value of transactions that happen in a retail bank is very low in nature but the number of transactions are significantly higher than those of investment banks Some retail banks have an investment banking unit, others do not. For example SBI Bank is primarily a Retail Bank and has established a subsidiary company SBI Cap Securities, which carries on investment banking operations. Retail Banking encompasses a wide variety of products and services like Savings Accounts, Bank Guarantees, Certificate of Deposits, Mortgages, Personal Loans, Letter of credits, Foreign Exchange services for retails clients, Insurance business, Wealth Management Services, Personal Banking, Stock Brokerage Services, Locker Facilities etc. which are not provided by Investment Banks.
Some of the well-known Investment Banks include:
- J P Morgan and Chase
- Bank of America
- Wells Fargo
- Morgan Stanley
Some of the well-known Retail Banks include:
- HDFC Bank
- ICICI Bank
- Bank of Baroda
- SBI Bank
To sum up, here are the key differences between investment and retail banks:
Think investment banking is a career option for you? Interested in learning more? Join our CIBOP (Certified Investment Banking Operations Professional) program to learn about Investment Banking in more detail.
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With banking direction at a record-breaking high, quantity of establishments seems, by all accounts, to be at an untouched low, and still on the decay. Mergers and acquisitions are on the ascent, yet sanctions proceed on a descending winding, with states the nation over all observing comparative patterns.
So where has all the managing an account was gone and what is banking today? Merriam Webster characterizes banking or investment banking “as the matter of a bank or financier.” In substantial part, that business includes sending stores as an advance to borrowers; these assets having been acquired through a development of stores and capital.
It shows up as though purchases and organizations alike are looking to elective wellsprings of financing generally alluded to as FinTech; sources outside of customary banks, where endorsing necessities may be fairly more liberal, terms more adaptable and insurance all the more broadly characterized.
Today, that same industry part could now be all the more in exactly depicted as a “wellspring of assets,” which can, as a rule, be gotten to on the web. This makes the loaning exchange geology unbiased and speedier from application to endorsement to financing.
Consider the accompanying option loaning choices:
Peer-to-Peer (P2P): where an online stage matches moneylenders and borrowers in light of specific information which can be electronically assessed momentarily; loan specialist overhead expenses are commonly lower and financing costs focused in light of the credit nature of the borrower. “In the vicinity of 2014 and 2015, the estimation of worldwide P2P loaning was relied upon to ascend to an esteem seven times what it was in 2014 – from 9 billion to 64 billion U.S. dollars. By 2050 the esteem is relied upon to be near one trillion U.S. dollars.”
Crowdfunding: for the most part don’t require reimbursement and ordinarily get financing from an expansive number of little commitments from people who bolster a specific business’ procedure and potential effect. Crowdfunding can appear as a value venture whereby the speculators advantage from future income and capital development of an organization, a gifts/rewards display, a loaning model or a consolidated model. It is evaluated that there are more than 375 crowdfunding stages in the United States alone and well more than 500 around the world. A few sources have dollars raised at over $8 billion. Be that as it may, given the assortment of stages used to request supports, a correct sum can’t be resolved.
Figuring and Merchant Cash Advance: ordinarily, applies to less credit-commendable borrowers who get to financing in return for an expense and are reimbursed through the receipt of money on records of sales and future credit deals individually. A gauge for the overall volume is this space surpasses $3 trillion.
In spite of the fact that FinTech organizations keep on gaining energy using Big Data and innovation, conventional banks keep on holding by far most of the loaning piece of the overall industry. May 2017 measurements distributed by the Federal Reserve demonstrate add up to bank resources at $16,241.5 billion in the United States with $12,591.6 billion of that gathered in bank credit “i.e. loaning”. Still, as a rule, more stringent endorsing norms at customary banks have cut off access to certain new companies or battling organizations and therefore FinTech has ventured in to offer an option. A 2014 Fortune magazine article notes “… Startups in the monetary innovation field, or “fin-tech” as it’s normally called, are blasting, and huge foundations, for example, Bank of America, Citibank, and American Express are emptying cash into these agile new organizations to meet present day administrative, computerized and security challenges. Wander interest in worldwide FinTech tripled in the vicinity of 2008 and 2013 to $2.97 billion and is relied upon to reach $8 billion by 2018.”
While the field of Finance in terms of the industry has gone through various radicalizing changes, it has also resulted in great changes on the academics part of the industry. Today many top banks are seeking candidates who are thoroughly industry endorsed and have a formidable set of skills.
Investment Banking prospects in India are very promising. Planning a shift in careers or a fresher, this is one stream worth considering. Specially, if you are an individual who finds the idea of making money from money exciting.
In simple words, investment banking is a profession where you match the expectations of people who have the capital with those who need it. Although it is not as simple as it sounds. As you will be advising people or institutions on money matters across various phases of a life cycle of a project, ranging from the start up stage to the listing of stock markets, you need to maintain the optimum valuation. It requires great understanding of the market so that you can offer the most optimum advice to your client, on options like mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures etc…,
Certain skill sets required to excel in this choice of work are, high research and an analytical mind-set, par excellence communication skills, an innovators mind set, troubleshooting capability, genuine ease of working and analysing numbers, forecast sales and budget, technical knowledge. A person from any steam can think of starting their career in investment banking, but it important to have a good understanding in math, economics, business studies. Although you can pursue an MBA, to have a specialised course will serve as a spring board to your efforts and help you secure a job in a reputed company, or help you get that promotion you are waiting for since long.
There are very limited options you have in terms of getting a holistic training on investment banking, however one that has proven to be closest to giving you the best exposure and highly recognised in the industry is, the Certified Investment Banking Operations Professionals (CIBOP), it is a flexible program for both fresher’s and experienced professionals. And CIBOP can be considered as a pre prep for the CISI IOC certification program, it is highly regarded by investment houses globally and passing this certification echoes the thought that an individual does have a sound understanding of the financial services industry.
The CIBOP program offered by Imarticus, is a 180 hours’ program dedicated in understanding complex securities and derivatives, their trade life cycle, along with operational risk and regulation. CIBOP offers operations and domain training augmented with a personal development program. CIBOP has an industry relevant program, supplemented with industry stalwarts as faculty, and real case studies.
On completing the CIBOP course from Imarticus learning you will get an industry endorsed CIBOP certificate along with the optional CISI certified IOC certificate, besides this, Imarticus has career services and their placement team will guide and assist you throughout the program, providing the best career opportunities.
CIBOP is a hybrid program with online self-paced videos and live classes, along with classroom training. The CIBOP program also has a host of guest lectures, by experienced industry veterans, which presents abundant opportunities for students to raise questions and clarify doubts and get clear actual industry insights.
On completing CIBOP course you will have a sound understanding of every aspect of Investment banking along with practical aspects of the sector. So if you have an inclination towards this field and have some of the prerequisites in place, don’t wait and enrol with Imarticus Learning and take the CIBOP certification.
The finance and banking industry employs a wide range of professionals from brokers, including individual, business, and Investment financiers. While the parts and obligations of these brokers may vary, they all must administer the monetary needs of their customers. Individual brokers may work one-on-one with customers opening private company accounts and administering budgetary exchanges, for example, sending cash requests and dealing with stress.
Business investors prepare advances to planned business people, while venturing brokers, associate lenders with conceivable speculation openings. Additional time and travel are regularly required in these employments, particularly for venture brokers. By and large, financiers spend many work hours sitting at a work area. Payscale.com detailed a mean yearly pay of $35,226 for individual investors in January 2016.
Despite the fact that degrees in speculations and managing an account might be hard to discover, many projects have specialisations in these territories as a major aspect of different projects. Back, bookkeeping and business are the doubtless decisions, however, speculation firms and banks may likewise be satisfied to see degrees in financial matters, arithmetic or designing. Notwithstanding the program name, what employing boards truly need to see is that you’re great with numbers, and each of these degrees requests that of their graduates.
While in school, understudies ought to start sharpening the abilities they’ll be effective speculation brokers. Honing introductions, acquainting yourself with Microsoft PowerPoint and Excel, figuring out how to talk about numbers in a legitimate yet open way, and interfacing with a wide range of sorts, of individuals, are only a couple of the approaches to fabricate auxiliary aptitudes while likewise diving into coursework.
A banking entry level position might be a piece of a degree program or an open door an understudy seeks after amid the mid-year. Taking an interest in a temporary position gives imminent financiers involvement in the field and a comprehension of keeping money arrangements and controls. Furthermore, a temporary position may assist acquaint them with the obligations they’ll have once they start work. Entry level positions are likewise a route for people to start making associations in the exchange and systems administration for planned work openings.
Consider managing an accounted speciality. When investigating conceivable temporary positions, consider the distinctive sorts of investment banking and finance options as claims to fame. For instance, if you are inspired by venture banking, then apply for an entry level position with a speculation bank, which might be situated in a noteworthy metropolitan region.
Banks offer Investment Banking certification preparing programs that will plan people to find out about the procedures required in making ventures and working with customers. Those enlisted in the program are acquainted with business works with, saving money administrations, and customer relations. So as to start finding out about these practices, banks furnish people with contextual investigations, introductions, and displaying sessions.
So when you are looking to start a career in banking, it is always better to look up for certification training programs like these. Imarticus Learning offers a number of certification programs in finance and banking which would be of interest to you.
Investment banking is synonymous with big pay cheques and long working hours. As soon as you start your career in it, you will realise that you are being stretched in all directions, with no time for family or friends or personal tasks. Most veterans in investment banking express that they feel they are always short-changing something or someone throughout. It is always a race against time.
Having said that, the same veterans, to survive the mad rush, have come up with some coping mechanisms that help them balance their day, ensuring that they touch all spectrums of tasks, personal, professional etc…,
Listed below are some lifestyle hacks in personal and professional capacity, that will help you get joy, out of the most tasking regimes and demands, faced at a professional level by investment bankers.
- Get a solid support system, and outsource as many tasks as you can without guilt, for example, use laundry and iron services from professionals, rather than expecting your spouse or you to do it over weekends, or if you higher up the ladder, an assistant at work or a junior can be used for delegation of tasks.
- Do not intentionally drive around to work, it will only add to the frustration of daily tasks, use Uber, or hire a driver, given the traffic and road conditions, you will feel blessed with the extra time you get to concentrate on tasks before reaching work.
- Better still, stay closer to work, even if the rent is higher it will save you loads of time invested in travel.
- Invest in good housekeeping, you will have enough deadlines and last minute reports to work on, getting groceries and cleaning your house will always take a backseat. A good help at home will rejuvenate you to face the challenges of the days to come.
- Walk as much as you can, you will need the exercise with time if you have to visit a client, see if you can take the trains or metro, walk, let the fresh air clear your thoughts.
- If you insist on holding on to your car, break the routine, on some day’s drive, listen to music, choose non-traffic hours to get that fresh rush of adventure on the way to work, it will clear any jarred thoughts from the previous day.
- Keep in touch with friends from the same industry, someone who can understand your challenges and limitations.
- If possible, choose a partner who understands the demands of your work life, possibly someone who themselves don’t have very demanding schedules, or else matching up with each other will be a life long struggle.
- Find solitude with yourself, keep a reality check, know the demands of your job.
- Travel, even if it is in your hometown from time to time, short trips, and do them alone, to stay in touch with yourself.
- Exercise, regularly or whenever you can, simple yoga asana, help you maintain the equilibrium.
- Expectation Management, be prepared that your life over the next few years will be demanding, the good news is that the body adjusts to the demand effectively with time. So, until then know your outlet to cope with the demand, be it swimming, writing, sleeping, indulge in it, drift away from work a little while.
- Eat well, small regular meals, will keep your system running, you will have to work long hours, prepare for that, tea or coffee whatever keeps you going, do hydrate yourself. Avoid drinking (at least on working days J)
- Be pleasant to people at work.
- Find your sweet spot, associate with a firm that does the kind of business you enjoy.
- Stay sane, have a sense of humour, enjoy the kind of work you have chosen, don’t take yourself too seriously.
- Be a good listener, you will be surrounded by intelligent and bright people, learn quick, be smart and rise up the ladder soon, there is breathing space up there.
- Learn from every experience, learn not only from success but also from mistakes.
- Take regular naps, quality of sleep is important not the quantity.
- Learn how to improve your performance in everything, automate repetitive jobs, will save you some time.
In recent times, Chartered Finance Analyst (CFA) is a designation which is quite revered and regarded by most as a key certification for professionals in the areas of portfolio management and research.
The chartered finance analyst program is a certification from the CFA Institute. It is a globally regarded certification. It is essentially a self-study methodology, graduate level program for professionals who want to pursue a career in investment. A person coming out of any discipline or academics can pursue the CFA program. Applications to the program are usually from students and undergraduates to an early professional who intent to get a boost to their career. Although it is important to note that just getting a certification will not guarantee the same.
Passing all the three exams of CFA in itself is a very daunting job when compared to the efforts and commitment of the time required as against other management programs like the MBA. In fact, there are many MBA pass outs and CA’s who join CFA to get into core investment banking jobs. CFA gives a great technical grounding and offers broad-based scopes suitable for investment banking, research analyst, equity research and portfolio management.
The CFA course focuses on ethics, portfolio management, accounting, corporate finance, fixed income and equity investments, so basically if one does not have a very specific choice but needs to build their career in the field of finance then they should opt for the CFA certification as it is broad-based, opening many career opportunities.
Passing a CFA exam shows that the person pursuing the same has the ability to show commitment, tenacity, comes across as a professional with resilience, and rigour. In addition to the learnings from the course, the charter holders are also considered internationally mobile as well due to their association with the global professional network.
Some of the most common jobs taken by the CFA professionals
Since CFA focuses on essentially training you on portfolio management skills, this job becomes a no brainer for most pass outs. Under this profile, you are responsible for making financial/investment based decisions for people who have given the control of their money to you or to your company.
Here the profile is responsible for analysing the financial transactions and records of the firm for its clients. Here you need to prepare your observations and reports and primarily have an insight of what the client would want to know about the financial health of the organisation in such a way that nothing essential is overlooked before making any strategic decisions. There are many other nomenclatures for this role within the organisation, such as investment analyst, rating analyst, financial analyst, equity analyst, to name a few.
Here the person needs to provide suggestions that will benefit the firm with professional advice. The CFA course covers corporate finance which will assist the professional to make alternative decisions and suggestions to the third party or the client satisfying their requirements.
Here you are required to keep a track of all financial footprints and documents of the business or company that you are associated with.
Investment Banking Analyst:
Here a person needs to check all possible pit stops, analyse, evaluate, all possibilities before any investment is made. The person usually is responsible for directing and making the firm aware of mergers and acquisitions. The task can be efficiently performed by any CFA pass out as the course has a section on corporate investment, equity investment, economics and more which prepares them to handle such requirements.
These are just a few opportunities out of the many that you can take advantage of if you wish to pursue the CFA certification.
So to conclude, it is quite obvious that in recent times many organisations and individuals alike are getting highly interested in CFA. The fact that a CFA certification will benefit the organisation and the individual in revenue growth and career growth, it is perhaps why most organisations are also considering sending employees usually from the start up a level for this certification as the long-term advantages cannot be ignored.
It is then true to say that the CFA designation does distinguish the charterholders from other counterparts in the eye of professionals and investors. As a successful CFA charterholder has already proved the test of time and their ability and intention of commitment to conducting their professional life according to high professional standards.
Indian Capital Markets have shown remarkable growth in the post-Liberalization era and it remains one of the most resilient globally and poised to be one of the Top destinations for domestic and global businesses to expand and invest in. Raising capital is a strategic priority across India and role of Capital Markets has assumed far greater importance and urgency.
India’s capital markets are currently valued at $140 billion, according to a report by McKinsey & Co. The consulting firm further states that India can unlock a further $100 billion in fresh funding each year for India Inc. if policymakers implement the right policies and fiscal measures to deepen the country’s capital market.
The size of the market can rise even further to $240 billion in a year’s time, but as it stands today, India’s ability to receive funding at scale is moderate at best with shallow pricing efficiency. In comparison, Australia and Japan rank much higher in funding. India needs policies to channel its substantial savings into productive endeavours and accelerate economic growth to potentially lift millions from poverty.
Emerging economies, including India, do not have access to predictable capital market funding at scale and investors lack the financial instruments to channelize long-term savings. This often leads to poor allocation resources pulling down growth prospects. The report suggested that deeper capital markets in emerging Asia could free up a cumulative $800 billion in funding annually, mostly for mid- to large-sized corporations and infrastructure.
The biggest challenge for India is to develop the corporate bond and securitization market, the report further iterates. Emerging market issuers lack options to diversify funding and to match funding with their needs. The absence of a long-dated bond market diminishes corporate borrowers’ flexibility to align funding structure with assets. The listing of government-controlled entities is a step in the right direction as it may lure investors to capital markets. Further, mandating state-controlled entities to tap debt capital for funds instead of going for bank loans is a step in the right direction as well.
Issues in emerging markets face a more volatile and higher cost of capital compared to developed economies. They pay roughly a 120 percentage point higher real cost for debt securities, making it difficult to raise funds for new ventures and to grow existing large companies or conglomerates.
Apart from more prudent fiscal policies and implementation measures by the Government of India, what this essentially is a change management challenge that requires a new mindset. Back in 2015, the US and Indian Governments were in serious talks to discuss potential avenues of technical collaboration between the Ministry of Finance and the US Department of Treasury in developing deeper and more robust Indian capital markets. In April 2017, the capital markets regulator SEBI introduced new products and stricter control measures to deepen the Indian capital markets. For instance, SEBI now allows investors to use e-wallets to buy mutual funds, which would potentially increase inflows into India’s Rs18 trillion MF markets. These are welcome moves indeed!
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If you see yourself as a person working in the financial services industry, Financial Analyst should then be your chosen field, as it is one of the most revered titles in the finance industry.
A Financial Analyst is essentially a person who performs financial analysis at a micro and macro level to understand the health of an organisation and further give suitable recommendations. They also suggest a course of action, which would be something like recommendations on buying or selling a company stock based on its current and predicted strength. It is expected of the analyst to be aware of the current developments in the field in which he or she specialises, as well as having the ability to prepare financial models that predict future economic conditions across possible variables.
One of the key responsibility of the financial analyst is not only to manage financial data but also to summarise them through a presentation, reports and statistical analysis.
The financial analyst job is much like the financial planner; most times you would see a financial analyst is working very closely with the financial planner to come to some conclusions related to investment choices. Although it is important to note that the job of a financial analyst calls for a higher level of expertise. It is more holistic and demands certain specific skill sets.
Financial analysis is done in a structured manner which primarily covers fundamental analysis, ratio analysis, financial modelling and valuation.
We can divide the role of financial analyst into two parts, those who work on the Buy-Side and those who work on the Sell-Side. An analyst on the buy side works with companies that have money and need help with investment strategies. People on the sell side help the companies price and sell their products, these companies are usually investment banks and securities firm.
Research suggests the financial analyst job sector is predicted to grow by 15.5% in the decade spanning the year 2012-2022. That figure alone predicts close to 35000+ jobs in the US alone. A financial analyst can play many roles and execute multiple responsibilities. Investment analyst, money market analyst, mergers and acquisition analyst, budget analyst are but a few recommendations.
So how do you get started?
To begin with, if you have a majored in computer sciences, biology, physics or even engineering, you are already in the favourable pool. It is easier for people from these backgrounds to start at an entry level position. If you are an MBA graduate it would be possible that you start as a senior analyst. A degree in Business administration, accounting, finance or statistics gives a springboard to your growth within an organisation, although it is not a prerequisite to being an MBA to become a financial analyst.
To become a successful financial analyst one needs to be proficient in a wide variety of skill sets, they might include-
Financial modelling, it is a mirror that shows if an organisation is in need of additional funds, analysing and defining the risk level. Basically, it is a tool, an abstract model of a real world financial situation. There are various valuation and forecast theories that exist and the financial analyst is able to recreate events in an interactive calculator referred to as a financial model. Accounting skills, the flexibility with numbers is a prerequisite. Knowledge about the equity research goes hand in hand to create an entire package. But most importantly the ability to connect with people, to be able to translate your financial finding in the right way, through the right tools is also a must. Being fluent in your soft skills does not only mean the ability to communicate, but also the ability to use excel and PowerPoint to your advantage.
If you are a beginning or an MBA graduate or a major from any field, there are many certified institutions which offer comprehensive courses that help you acquire a detailed understanding of the role and also provide with experiential learning methodologies in close association with the industry experts, thus giving you the backing required to excel in your chosen field. They also help you with placements as they are well connected with firms who have need of such professionals.
A career in financial analyst offers financial security, it also gives you the opportunity to help in shaping the finance industry.
So if this interests you, then it is recommended to get the required skill sets and get started.
Imarticus Learning is India’s leading professional education institute, offering certified industry-endorsed training in Financial Services, Investment Banking, Business Analysis, IT, Business Analytics & Wealth Management.
Imarticus Learning is offering the Financial Analysis Prodegree, in association with EY as the Knowledge Provider, It is a skill-building programme covering accounting, financial modelling, business valuation and equity research.
Through the programme, the participants gain knowledge which helps them to build a career across a wide variety of roles in corporate finance and investment banking.
The Imarticus Learning Career Services and Placements team provides you guidance and assistance throughout the program, giving you the best career opportunities in leading international firms.
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The chief regulatory body, which is supposed to deal with all the finance and banking related decisions, is the Government of India. In the recent times, this body seems to have taken a considerable amount of decisions in order to strengthen the Indian Banking Sector. Some of which are as follows.
In the month of July 2016, the Government of India reportedly allocated about 3.41 billion USD. This amounts to Rs 22,915 crore, was allocated in the form of capital infusion to 13 public sector banks. This move is believed to increase the economic growth of the country by improving the liquidity and lending operations of these public sector banks.
The Reserve Bank of India has already begun on its move to make all transactions, digital in nature and absolutely paper free. Following in the same vein the RBI has released the Vision 2018 document, which primarily aims at increasing the use of electronic payments, through all the divisions of the society. This move will not only increase the usage of digital channels but also boost the customer base for mobile banking.
All the commercial banks which are scheduled will now be allowed to grant non-fund based facilities including partial credit enhancement (PEC), to all customers including those that do not avail any fund based facility from any of the banks present in India.
The Union Budget, which was announced in the year 2016-17 had a provision towards interest subvention. This provision is basically made to help in reducing the burden of loan repayment by the farmers. On account of this, an amount of 15,000 crore INR is being granted by the government.
The Government of India is looking to set up an exclusive fund, which will be a part of the National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF). This fund will basically be set up for dealing with all the stressed assets of banks. This fund will be taking over all the assets, which although viable do not have any additional fresh equity from promoters to complete the projects.
Post the massive drive that was conducted by the government to open up a number of bank accounts, quite a large number of Indians were financially included in the banking sector. The Reserve Bank of India plans on coming out with guidelines, which will be dealing with the basic know-your-customer norms. These norms would be of the primary focus of protecting the consumers.
The government of India is well on a warpath, to provide insurance, pension and credit facilities to all of those citizens, who were excluded from enjoying the benefits offered by the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
In a bid to provide relief to all the state level, electricity providing companies, the government has proposed to its lenders that, about 75% of their loans would soon be converted to state government bonds.
Thus with so many new and effective schemes falling into place, courtesy the government of India, things are looking quite positive for the banking sector. This is great news for those finance enthusiasts who opt for special training programs, offered by training institutes such as Imarticus Learning in the field of Finance and Investment Banking.
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The Financial services industry, is one place where change is a constant factor. This is why the most challenging thing for any person or organization in this field, is to ensure that they keep are always on top of their game, adapting and evolving to the various changes. One of the most important tasks, is to ensure that a financial services company, must provide innovative services to respond perfectly to the needs of their customers.
Apart from this, there are a few standard challenges that every company out there has to deal with, say for example higher capital charges, market electronification, digitalization, a fixed cost base, inflexible and layered technology, with an increase in complexity or regulation and reporting. All the various changes in this field can be classified as just the start of a steadily developing ecosystem.
While the aforementioned statement is entirely true, there are certain standard things that every bank needs to be well aware of. While this may include the following things, but it certainly is not just limited to them. These four things are going to be a constant variable when it comes to Investment Banking, the decreased consumer profitability and heightened competition, as opposed to margin driven profitability, its more about volume driven profitability, financial engineering requirements and the most common of all, the introduction of digital currency, in trade dealings.
As a direct result of these few constant factors, it is very likely that banks, as opposed to the olden times will experience a shift in the way they are supposed to conduct their business. Soon will come a time, when a bank will have to focus more on data optimization through concepts like accuracy, timelines, and financial reporting requirements and so on. It is a commonly accepted phenomenon, as the time passes by, the value of money goes on decreasing, which is inversely proportional to the need of it. Thus, the future holds a number of reviews of existing business models, mainly due to higher capital requirements.
Financial technology, which is also known as fintech, is considered to play the most pivotal role in the banking sector. It is said that soon will come a time, when banks would be looking to hire more technical professionals, as opposed to traders.
Thus we can infer that the area of Investment Banking has gone through a number of changes, since its inception. The pop culture and other forms of entertainment also play a great part in inspiring its evolution. They are basically the reason why so many people have been attracted towards the good, satisfied life that the field of Investment Banking offers. This is mainly the reason why a number of finance aspirants, usually opt to become Investment Bankers or Corporate Finance professionals, as they view these jobs as extremely rewarding. This is also the reason for the popularity of professional training institutes. One name is particular outshines the others, Imarticus Learning. This institute is renowned for offering industry endorsed courses in the field of Finance and Analytics, helping candidates achieve their goals and ambitions.